The Yom Kippur War (1973) resulted in an Israeli military victory but unleashed tensions in the economic, political, and psychological arenas in Israel. Protest groups focusing on various aspects of the resulting situation were formed. Israelis were concerned with war losses, the failure of military intelligence, initial battlefield reverses, questions about war-associated political decisions, and deteriorating economic and social conditions at home accompanied by diplomatic reverses abroad. This malaise affected the body politic during much of the tenure of Yitzhak Rabin as prime minister (1974-77) but seemed to reach a crucial level in conjunction with the 1977 Knesset election (see also KNESSET [PARLIAMENT]), when many of the forces set in motion by the Yom Kippur War and its aftermath seemed to coalesce, causing a major fissure in the political landscape in Israel. The electorate gave the largest number of votes to the Likud, led by Menachem Begin, and the Israel Labor Party lost a substantial number of seats compared to the 1973 election. The results ended Labor's dominance of Israeli political life that had begun in the Yishuv period, and Begin subsequently formed a Likud-led coalition government. This sudden shift in political direction, together with the aftershocks it caused, have been likened to an "earthquake," the descriptive term often attached to this period in Israeli political development.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

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  • EARTHQUAKE — EARTHQUAKE, ground vibrations produced generally by a sudden subterranean occurrence. Accounts of destructive earthquakes extend far into antiquity. In biblical times earthquakes, like thunder and other natural cataclysms, were regarded as… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Earthquake — Earth quake , n. A shaking, trembling, or concussion of the earth, due to subterranean causes, often accompanied by a rumbling noise. The wave of shock sometimes traverses half a hemisphere, destroying cities and many thousand lives; called also… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Earthquake — Earth quake , a. Like, or characteristic of, an earthquake; loud; startling. [1913 Webster] The earthquake voice of victory. Byron. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • earthquake — earthquake; mi·cro·earthquake; …   English syllables

  • Earthquake — ist: die englische Übersetzung zu Erdbeben der Ringname des kanadischen Wrestlers John Tenta Siehe auch: Earthquakes Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • earthquake — index cataclysm Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • earthquake — (n.) late 13c., eorthequakynge, from EARTH (Cf. earth) + QUAKE (Cf. quake) (n.). In this sense O.E. had eorðdyn, eorðhrernes, eorðbeofung, eorðstyren …   Etymology dictionary

  • earthquake — [n] tremor from inside the earth convulsion, fault, macroseism, microseism, movement, quake, quaker*, seimicity, seism, seismism, shake, shock, slip, temblor, trembler*, undulation, upheaval; concepts 144,526 …   New thesaurus

  • earthquake — ► NOUN ▪ a sudden violent shaking of the ground as a result of movements within the earth s crust …   English terms dictionary

  • earthquake — [ʉrthkwāk΄] n. a shaking or trembling of the crust of the earth, caused by underground volcanic forces or by breaking and shifting of rock beneath the surface …   English World dictionary

  • Earthquake — For other uses, see Earthquake (disambiguation). Global earthquake epicenters, 1963–1998 …   Wikipedia

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